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The painting, filled with drama and reflecting the whole essence of human cruelty, was created in 1507 by Raphael Santi, the great painter of the High Renaissance.
Santi's creation is the personification of the talent of all the best art geniuses for the entire era of the Italian Renaissance.
Religious plots with such depressing tension are not often found in the artist's work, however, the plot contributed to the creation of this picture.
It was commissioned by Atalanta Balloni, in memory of his son Griffonetto, who were members of the clan family of mercenaries who made a huge fortune in the fighting during the wars of the XIV - XV centuries.
Despite the commonality of the family, constant conflicts also occurred within the expanded clan. So, during a wedding feast, he killed his brother and his bride, and for this he himself fell at the hands of his own cousin.
According to legend, in the image of Jesus Christ in a large altar picture created for the church of St. Francis, Raphael portrayed Griffonetto himself.
Here, Jesus Christ, killed after being crucified on the cross, is depicted, surrounded by his followers and disciples. The deepest gloom and sadness befell them from the seen fact of the brutal punitive measures to which their teacher was subjected. Women and men, carefully guarding his body, carry the Savior away from the place of execution. The Mother of God, who had already fainted from the moral oppression that had befallen her, was no longer able to even look at her murdered son.
Despite all the tragedy of history and the people depicted, the picture is filled with harmony, beautiful lines and colors, which the painter valued so much. Crosses in the background, on one of which Jesus was executed, are already far away and do not overshadow the general landscape of the painting, which carries the personification of the purity and luminosity of the world through the Resurrection.
William Blake The Great Architect